Do you care to know more about pregnancy, early symptoms, exercises for pregnant women, and so on? Below we provide you with an elaborative knowledge on pregnancy and its related facets.
Pregnancy also is known as gestation is the period between fertilization and childbirth. It is the period within which a fetus in the uterus of a woman develops and it occurs after fertilization. Fertilization is the fusion of a male and females gametes which usually takes place after sexual intercourse or assisted reproductive technology.
When fertilization occurs, the developing fetus is faced with live birth, miscarriage, or abortion. The normal duration of pregnancy in women is 38weeks or 9months. This pregnancy period has 3 stages namely 1st trimester, 2nd trimester, and 3rd trimester. These stages are based on the intrauterine changes occurring in the pregnant mother’s womb.
Since the rate of miscarriage is very high in the first trimester, pregnant mothers should avoid taking every sort of food and drink. Below are some of the reviewed food which may affect a pregnant mother.
Food that every pregnant mother should avoid.
In traditional maternity homes, pineapple juice is used extensively at the time of delivery to make the process fast and easy. This is because Pineapple contains bromelain which can make uterine smooth muscles contract fast. Therefore when pineapples are consumed before the end of the 3rd trimester, it causes contraction of uterine muscles thus leading to miscarriage.
Drumstick is the most dangerous food that can lead to miscarriage in during the 1st trimester. It is toxic for pregnant women because it contains alpha-sitosterol, with an estrogen-like structure that can lead to miscarriage.
Pregnant women should avoid drinking raw or unpasteurized milk and any food containing it. Just like raw eggs, raw milk can also cause poisoning which may lead to miscarriage especially during the first trimester.
Paw-paw is also known as Papaya, is one of the leading causes of miscarriage in women during pregnancy especially when green. This is so because green papaya contains an enzyme capable of causing uterine contractions, and thus leading to miscarriage.
Animal liver is one of the food that pregnant mothers should avoid as it can harbor worms which may cause miscarriage after consumption. Also since the liver contains high amounts of vitamin A and cholesterol which on consumption can lead to stillbirth or abortion.
Research has shown that aloe vera contains chemicals which on consumption can lead to pelvic hemorrhage and miscarriage. It is imperative that pregnant women avoid all kinds of aloe vera products during the first trimester of pregnancy.
This is dangerous food not only for pregnant women but also for everyone. Sprouted potato contains various toxic chemicals which are harmful to the health of pregnant mothers and their baby. A. example of this chemical is solanin. Solanin occurs in green sprouted potatoes and is harmful to fetal growth.
Pregnant mothers should avoid smoked and refrigerated seafood as they might be contaminated with listeria. When these food contaminated with Listeria are consumed by pregnant mothers, they cause infection which can lead to miscarriage.
Pregnant women should beware of consuming under-cooked food such as raw eggs. Raw eggs or foods with raw eggs in them, like homemade milk-egg juices, should be avoided the consumption of this food may lead to food poisoning and salmonella.
10. Alcoholic food
Taking alcohol and alcoholic food substances has a very harmful effect on a developing fetus. Since alcohol can pass from the mother to the fetus, it can damage the fetal cells thus leading to miscarriage
Exercise for pregnant women
Research has shown that pregnant mothers who engage in good exercises have lower chances of labor pain and complications. Some of the benefits of exercising during pregnancy include a reduction in risk of weight gain, backache, swollen ankles, and sleeplessness .
But evidence has shown that some exercise is bad for women during pregnancy. Some of these exercises include kick-boxing, squash,skirting, weight lifting, soccer, etc
Some of the best exercises for women during pregnancy include
Swimming is one of the best exercises to engage in during pregnancy. This is because it’s safe and at the same time loosens your joint and ligament. Usually, swimming helps pregnant women relieve nausea, sciatic pain, and puffy ankles since the buoyancy offered in water makes them feel lighter and more agile.
It is encouraging to start your swimming by stepping into the pool rather than diving as this can be safer throughout pregnancy. Some safety tips to apply include
-using the breaststroke method as this can be more comfortable.
-avoid warm or hot pools to prevent overheating.
-avoid jumping or diving into the pool.
Yoga is a great exercise for women during pregnancy as it can help strengthen your muscles, enhance relaxation, and stimulate blood circulation. Yoga also helps to relieve stress and calm the mind of pregnant mothers. Note that it is necessary that you avoid yoga techniques involving lying flat on your back, overstretching, and lying on your abdomen as these can decrease blood flow to your heart.
3.Walking and running
Walking and running are great exercises during pregnancy as long as you never overdo them. Walking can be done on a hilly road as this can help loosen your ligaments and joints. Women who prefer jogging during pregnancy should be careful so as to avoid falling. Some of the health benefit of jogging and running to pregnant women include
-tightens your pelvic floor muscle
-loosens your ligaments and joints
-relieves pain and weight gain.
4. Squatting and pelvic tilt
These exercises are specifically for pregnant women in their 3rd trimester. Squatting helps in opening the pelvic floor while pelvic tilt strengthens abdominal muscles and help reduce back pain.
Women with weak pelvic floor muscles tend to leak urine during coughing, sneezing, or strain. Pelvic floor weakness during pregnancy can be strengthened by indulging in a pelvic tilt. In order to do a pelvic tilt,
-keep your shoulder and bottom against the wall
-do not stiffen your knee
-flatten your belly so that your navel draws closer to your spine and hold for about 4 seconds.
-release and repeat this up to 10 times
Pregnant mothers and their family at large should also have an insurance cover to prevent unnecessary expenses during emergencies like child labour.